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Orange elephant ear sponge

Agelas clathrodes

(Schmidt, 1870)

Orange elephant ear sponge

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Summary

Tropical water. Massive orange rubbery sponge. Lives on reefs usually more than 10 metres (33 ft) depth. Takes various forms, and its color is reddish orange.

To be confused with

- Citron sponge Agelas citrina. (Citron sponge has rounded openings.)

Characteristics

Size: Large, up to 2m wide.
Colour: Vary from yellow, through orange to brick red or brown.
Shape: Very variable in form. It may be encrusting, developing a thickness up to 10 cm (4 in) thick or have large, flabby lobes or be fan-, tube- or ridge-shaped. Openings are longitudinal or keyhole-shaped.
Consistency: Firm.


Habitat environment and ecology

Inhabits coral reefs. It is found on reefs and reef slopes and on vertical rock surfaces, particularly where the current is strong, and usually at depths greater than 10 metres (33 ft). It is a filter feeder.

Distribution range

BES-eilanden: Bonaire, St. Eustatius.

Author

[Marion Haarsma, feb. 2016]; [Floris Bennema, april 2016]

Literature

- Humann, P., & DeLoach, N. (2002). Reef Creature Identification: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas (p. 420). Jacksonville (FL): New World Publications.
-  Interactive Guide to Caribbean Diving. M. De Kluijver, G. Gijswijt, R. de Leon & I. da Cunda.
- The Sponge Guide. S. Zea, Henkel, T.P., and Pawlik, J.R. 2014.

Categorieën:

Soorten, Sponzen

Commentaar

Orange elephant ear sponge Orange elephant ear sponge

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