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Giant barrel sponge

Xestospongia muta

(Schmidt, 1870)

Giant barrel sponge

Code



Summary

Huge barrel-shape with rough, often jagged, stone-hard exterior. Shades of gray, brown or red-brown. Generally solitary, but one or two smaller individuals occasionally grow around base.

To be confused with

- Netted barrel sponge Verongula gigantea (exterior has distinctive, raised, netlike texture ans appears rubbery).

Characteristics

Size: Large barrels, 60 to 180 cm high.
Colour:  Brownish-red to brownish-gray. 
Shape: Barrel-shaped with exterior grooves or rims.
Consistency: Hard.


Habitat environment and ecology

Tropical reef. Inhabits mid-range to deep coral reefs and muddy sand bottoms in deeper water. Especially in deeper localities, the specimens are small and display a cone shape form.

Distribution range

BES-eilanden: Bonaire, Saba, St. Eustatius

Author

[Niels Schrieken, april 2015]; [Floris Bennema, april 2016]

Literature

- Humann, P., & DeLoach, N. (2002). Reef C
reature Identification: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas (p. 420). Jacksonville (FL): New World Publications.  - Interactive Guide to Caribbean Diving. M. De Kluijver, G. Gijswijt, R. de Leon & I. da Cunda.
- The Sponge Guide. S. Zea, Henkel, T.P., and Pawlik, J.R. 2014.
- Thacker, R. W., Díaz, M. C., De Voogd, N. J., Van Soest, R. W., Freeman, C. J., Mobley, A. S., ... & McKenna, S. (2010). Preliminary assessment of sponge biodiversity on Saba Bank, Netherlands Antilles. PloS one, 5(5), e9622. - Sponges Saba Bank

Categorieën:

Soorten, Sponzen

Commentaar

Giant barrel sponge Giant barrel sponge Giant barrel sponge Giant barrel sponge Giant barrel sponge

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