Marine fish. Up to 38 centimeters in length. It usually
has 11 dorsal-fin rays and 7 anal-fin rays. Largest species of lionfish, free
pectoral rays distinct (gradually reduce in adulthood).
To be confused with
- Devil Firefish Pterois miles
(generally has 10 dorsal-fin rays and 6 anal-fin rays)
Size: 38 cm, max 47 cm
Colour: white stripes alternated with red/maroon/brown stripes
Shape: regular fish body with very long venomous spines.
Habitat environment and ecology
Inhabits coral reefs. Lionfish venomous dorsal spines are used purely
for defense. When threatened, the fish often faces its attacker in an
upside-down posture which brings its spines to bear. However, its sting
is usually not fatal to humans.
BES-eilanden: St. Eustatius, Bonaire.
- Link U.S. Geological Survey: distribution lionfish
- Lionfish control application
- Recipe for lionfish
[Han Peper, oct. 2015]; [Niels Schrieken, march 2015]
- Halstead, B. (2000). Coral Sea Reef Guide: Great Barrier Reef,
Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia; Over 1000
Photographs of Coral Reef Animals Taken in Their Natural
Habitat;[fishes, Corals, Crustacea, Snails, Cephalopods, Reptiles,
Mammals]. Sea Challengers.
P. J. (2010). Update on geographic spread of invasive lionfishes
(Pterois volitans [Linnaeus, 1758] and P. miles [Bennett, 1828]) in the
Western North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. Aquatic Invasions, 5 (Supplement 1), S117-S122.
- U.S. Geological Survey. NAS - Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Pterois volitans/miles (Lionfish).
- Lionfish off te coast of the Cayman Islands stalked and devoured by grouper.