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Convoluted orange sponge

Myrmekioderma rea

(de Laubenfels, 1934)

Convoluted orange sponge
St. Eustatius, 2105 (Source: Jaaziel Garcia-Hernandez)

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Summary

Massive yellow to orange encrusting sponge with a convoluted apearance. The surface is often covered by substrate or algue. Fills cavities in reefs and grows in sand and rubble. Lives at 20 m or deeper.

To be confused with

Not to be distinguished from Myrmekioderma gyroderma or Didiscus oxeatus by sight.

Characteristics

Size: Diameter of the sponge up to one meter.
Colour: Yellow to orange but colour may be obscured by sediment or algue.
Shape: Encrusting with with ridges and valleys, forming a maze-like pattern. Openings raised.
Consistency: Soft and crumbly.

Habitat environment and ecology

Protected reefs and ruble or sand at 20 m or deeper.

Distribution range

BES-eilanden:  Bonaire, St. Eustatius

Specifics

Not to be distinguished from Myrmekioderma gyroderma  by sight. Myrmekioderma sp. would be better.

Author

[Floris Bennema, april 2016]

Literature

- Humann, P., & DeLoach, N. (2002). Reef Creature Identification: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas (p. 420). Jacksonville (FL): New World Publications.
- The Sponge Guide. S. Zea, Henkel, T.P., and Pawlik, J.R. 2014.

Categorieën:

Soorten, Sponzen

Commentaar

Convoluted orange sponge

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