Convoluted orange sponge
(de Laubenfels, 1934)
St. Eustatius, 2105 (Source: Jaaziel Garcia-Hernandez)
Massive yellow to orange encrusting sponge with a convoluted apearance.
The surface is often covered by substrate or algue. Fills cavities in
reefs and grows in sand and rubble. Lives at 20 m or deeper.
To be confused with
Not to be distinguished from Myrmekioderma gyroderma or Didiscus oxeatus by sight.
Size: Diameter of the sponge up to one meter.
Colour: Yellow to orange but colour may be obscured by sediment or algue.
Shape: Encrusting with with ridges and valleys, forming a maze-like pattern. Openings raised.
Consistency: Soft and crumbly.
Habitat environment and ecology
Protected reefs and ruble or sand at 20 m or deeper.
BES-eilanden: Bonaire, St. Eustatius
Not to be distinguished from Myrmekioderma gyroderma by sight. Myrmekioderma sp. would be better.
[Floris Bennema, april 2016]
- Humann, P., & DeLoach, N. (2002). Reef Creature Identification:
Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas (p. 420). Jacksonville (FL): New World
- The Sponge Guide. S. Zea, Henkel, T.P., and Pawlik, J.R. 2014.