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Common Octopus

Octopus vulgaris

Cuvier, 1797

Common Octopus

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Summary

Saltwater. Octopuses. The coloring and texture of this octopus is highly variable. When disturbed, it can be white, but most commonly, the animal is mottled reddish-brown. Around the suckers on the arms are usually dark rings. The texture can be smooth or with points. The arms in rest are 3 to 4 times the body length.

To be confused with

- Caribbean Reef Octopus,  Octopus briareus.
- Atlantic White-Spotted Octopus, Octopus macropus.

Characteristics

Size: 30 - 50 cm, max 90 cm.Color: The coloring and texture of this octopus is highly variable. When disturbed, it can be white, but most commonly, the animal is mottled reddish-brown. Shape: Around the suckers on the arms are usually dark rings. The texture can be smooth or with points. The arms in rest are 3 to 4 times the body length.

Habitat environment and ecology

Inhabits the reefs, hiding in recesses. This octopus is on occasions active during the day, but usually hides. The reef outside its home can be littered with left-overs from lunch or trinkets it gathered.Depth: ranges from 3 m down to 30 m.

Distribution range

BES-eilanden: Bonaire, St. Eustatius.

Author

(Marion Haarsma)

Literature

- Humann, P., & DeLoach, N. (2002). Reef Creature Identification: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas (p. 420). Jacksonville (FL): New World Publications.


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